Articles



Book Policies and Copyright in Canada and Quebec: Defending National Cultures
Abstract: Despite the rise of Canadian literature in recent decades, Canada remains a place where by far most of the books read are of foreign origin. The causes of this predominance can be traced deep into the past—to the country’s colonial evolution, to the long unyielding protectionism of American copyright law, and to Quebec’s desire to shore up a French identity. Nationalist policies have recently intervened to promote the original publishing of general literature in Canada, making a noticeable impact from about 1920 in Quebec and about 1960 in English Canada. These policies have not been symmetrical: whereas Quebec has implemented a law requiring libraries to buy from local booksellers, the rest of Canada has largely contented itself with granting programs for publishers. The result is that Quebec has achieved broad stability for the spectrum of roles involved in the production of local literature and approached parity in the sale of local and foreign publications in the provincial market. In English Canada, by contrast, independent bookselling is in plain crisis, and as this crucial link to Canadian readers deteriorates, local publishing grows increasingly dependent on government grants.

Border Crossings in Isabella Valancy Crawford’s Story-Paper Fiction
Abstract:

The little-known short stories of Isabella Valancy Crawford reveal a talented writer’s response to the demands of the North American literary marketplace and the prevailing conventions of short fiction in the 1870s. Crawford contributed more than thirty short stories between 1872 and 1886 to Canadian and American mass-market “story papers,” her chief venue being Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner, one of many periodicals spawned by the New York publishing magnate Frank Leslie. The American border was, however, only one of many boundaries that her fiction crossed; it also breaches borders between elite and popular literature, poetry and prose, and humor and melodrama. Of particular interest are the varying inflections of her stories set in different places and directed to different national audiences. This paper delineates the manifold “border crossings” in Crawford’s fiction through a discussion of several representative short stories.


Border Studies in the Gutter: Canadian Comics and Structural Borders
Abstract: The history of the Canada-US border looms large over the history of Canadian comics; indeed, for English-language comics, American comics are the primary influence, and the Canadian comics industry came into existence largely as a matter of border trade rather than artistic intent. Borders, and their corollary gutters, are also part of the vocabulary of comics, and their literal depiction on the page is significant to how comics are read and understood. As such, comics produced in Canada offer a unique opportunity to examine issues of Canadian culture and the role of the border in both metaphorical and literal contexts. This paper offers a reading of the relationship between borders and gutters and discussion of the Canadian nation in three contemporary Canadian comics: Louis Riel: A Comic-Strip Biography by Chester Brown, Scott Pilgrim’s Precious Little Life (and the rest of its series) by Bryan Lee O’Malley, and Red: A Haida Manga by Michael Yahgulanaas. These three comics offer readings of nation from different perspectives, and also represent a range of options for depicting the literal borders and gutters of the comic. The borders as depicted visually in contemporary Canadian comics serve to deconstruct, trouble, and reinforce the discussion of the same liminal space.

Border Work
Abstract: “We take the explanations we produce to be the grounds of our action; they are endowed with coherence in terms ...

Bosom Friends: Lesbian Desire in L. M. Montgomery’s Anne Books
Abstract: “Oh Diana,” said Anne at last, clasping her hands and speaking almost in a whisper, “do you think—oh, do you ...

Boys in the Box: Pop Culture and Critics in Canada
Abstract: OVER THE PAST FIVE YEARS, something peculiar and unprecedented has happened to the popular status of that former paragon of ...

Brainworkers: The Middle-Class Labour Reformer and the Late-Victorian Canadian Industrial Novel
Abstract: Although Canada began to feel the social and economic stresses created by the industrial revolution later than both Britain and ...

Breathing Through the Feet: An Autobiographical Meditation
Abstract: NYOGEN SENZAKI, A ZEN TEACHER of particular impor- tance to me, and one whose path I have often crossed, though ...

Brébeuf’s Spiritual Journal
Abstract: Τ,HE WELL KNOWN WRITINGS OF Jean de Brébeuf consist of IHE the two lengthy reports included in The Jesuit Relations, ...

Brian Moore
Abstract: LrES PRINCIPAUX PERSONNAGES des quatre romans de Brian Moore sont Irlandais. Que l’intrigue se déroule à Montréal, comme dans The ...